In many Christian denominations, it is a sign that the person wearing it (cross) is a member of the clergy and it may signify that the wearer is a member of the higher or senior clergy; however, in many Western churches there are an increasing number of laypeople who choose to wear some form of a cross around their neck. While many Christians, both clergy and laity, wear crosses, the pectoral cross is distinguished by both its size (up to six inches across) and that it is worn in the center of the chest below the heart (as opposed to just below the collarbones). This cross measures a 5 1/4" h X 2 5/8" w the Christ is on a mother of pearl or bakelite back and then on a black painted wood cross. This is a vintage cross and therefore shows the normal wear surfaces...please see photos. This a nice large piece and in good condition. Ready for your altar or shrine. Free shipping within the continental USA. Thank you for looking.