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Glossary of some Terms

Thought this might help some people. More soon!


*Fair trade:
promotes international labour, environment and social standards for the production of traded goods and services. Standards may be voluntarily adhered to by importing firms, or enforced by governments through a combination of employment and commercial law.

*Free trade:
is the unhindered flow of goods and services between countries, and is a name given to economic policies and parties supporting increases in such trade.

(This is the best article that I found that sheds simple light on the differences of Free Trade VS Fair Trade):

a skilled manual worker who uses tools and machinery in a particular

a descriptive term applied to a person who engages in an activity deemed to be an art. It is also used in a qualitative sense of a person creative in, innovative in, or adept at, an artistic practice.Most often, the term describes those who create within a context of 'high culture', activities such as drawing, painting, sculpture, acting, dancing, writing, filmmaking and music — people who use imagination, and talent or skill, to create works that can be judged to have an aesthetic value.

An artisan who practices a handicraft or trade, also trade (profession)

is a company or individual that purchases goods or services with the intention of onselling them rather than consuming or using them. This is usually done for profit (but could be onsold at a loss). Resellers, by the very nature of their business are retailers.

a trend in fashion consisting in a new interest in old clothes, generally brand names or custom made garments that are typical items of an era that have a certain style and design value. Vintage may have camp appeal and must be a least 15 years old.

objects which show some degree of craftsmanship, or a certain attention to design; objects which have reached an age which makes them a witness of a previous era in human society.An item which is at least 75 years old and is collected or desirable due to rarity, condition, utility, or some other unique feature.

an association of persons to carry on an economic activity of mutual benefit

:is a group of people who share or are motivated by at least one common issue or interest, or work together on a specific project(s) to achieve a common objective. Collectives are also characterised by attempts to share and exercise political and social power and to make decisions on a consensus-driven and egalitarian basis. Collectives differ from cooperatives in that they are not necessarily focused upon an economic benefit or saving (but can be that as well).

associations of master artisans that were granted charters by the local sovereign authority. The guilds controlled all aspects of production and distribution to ensure quality and to prevent competition from outside markets

14 Responses

wow, great info! thanks emily :)
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Inactive Etsy Member 3:47pm Apr 19, 2006 EDT
thanks...that will help in future discussions.
Thank you! This will certainly help with the discussion on fair trade!
Thanks for the info Emily. I assume these are the definitions that will be used here at Etsy?

PS, I think something is missing on Artisan.

Thanks again Emily, it's great to have you on our team.
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Inactive Etsy Member 3:54pm Apr 19, 2006 EDT
Im going to start a knitters guild
Here's an eye-opener from Oxfam:
thanks! Those are some excellent definitions! It is pretty awesome/crazy/frightening that something made in 1990 is considered "vintage"
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Inactive Etsy Member 4:26pm Apr 19, 2006 EDT
yay emily! thanks!

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